For\u00a0 20 years, CCP officials and China\u2019s security forces have pursued an aggressive campaign against tens of millions of spiritual believers throughout China. Cases of persecution, abuse, and even deaths from torture have been documented in every province.\u00a0 Various methods of physical and psychological torture have been tested and refined in an effort to force Falun Gong practitioners to renounce their belief and affirm their allegiance to the CCP in a process the Party euphemistically refers to as \u201ctransformation.\u201d Trainings have brought officials together to share experiences, and \u201cexpert\u201d committees have been formed to perfect abusive practices. Officials overseeing the persecution have been circulated and promoted throughout the country and party-state apparatus. Today, the lessons learned from these efforts are being applied not only to Falun Gong but also to members of other groups targeted for persecution. Torture methods like the \u201ctiger bench\u201d have appeared in Tibet and in the detention accounts by rights activists. Human rights lawyers have been disappeared for months at a time and threatened with the kind of abuse inflicted on their Falun Gong clients. Legal provisions used for sentencing Falun Gong practitioners are being applied to underground Protestants and other Christians. Nowhere is this dynamic more apparent than in the current human rights crisis in Xinjiang, where over a million members of Muslim minorities are estimated to be held in re-education camps. In a February 2019 article in the Jamestown Foundation\u2019s China Brief, Freedom House researcher Sarah Cook relayed in detail how Communist Party officials have been applying lessons from prior \u201ctransformation\u201d campaigns\u2014most notably the assault on Falun Gong\u2014to repression in Xinjiang. Cook states, \u201cThe terminology used in official documents and relayed by former detainees from the Party\u2019s anti-Falun Gong repression is strikingly similar to what has appeared more recently in Xinjiang.\u201d Moreover, she describes how four key officials influencing events in Xinjiang\u2014at the provincial and national level\u2014\u201cgained first-hand experience with programs directed against Falun Gong earlier in their careers.\u201d Included among these officials is the current Minister of Justice Fu Zhenghua, who previously served as head of the notorious 6-10 Office and visited Xinjiang in 2015 in that capacity.